Guest Column: What’s Really behind the 16th Amendment

An Illuminating Snippet of 16th Amendment History
By Gregory Sutton [Excerpted from full original article in Lost Horizons here.]

Editor’s Note: The following column appeared recently on the LostHorizons.com site as a Christmas present from its author. Here is the intro from the author on the California Cracking the Code forum:

Dear Family, Friends, Business Associates, Casual Acquaintances and Libertarian Mentors:

In this time of appreciative giving I wish to share with all of you the precious gift of knowledge. I give this gift with the sole intention of making everyone who has helped make my development as an ardent seeker of freedom, in an otherwise unfree world, more free. In fact if the knowledge that I freely give is actively pursued you may just end up freer that you’d ever imagined you could be. Of course being truly free is not something that is free from effort or achieved by luck alone. But if you build upon the revisionist historical foundation that I give you freely this Christmas your chances of achieving that blissful state of so far unimagined and unrecognized freedom will be vastly improved. I’ll leave it at that other than to hope that however you react to my gift that you all have the best and merriest Christmas’s of all!

The only requirement on your part is to be able to connect to the internet: ANice16thAmendmentSnippet.htm

I consider the information in this column by Greg Sutton perhaps the most vital icing on the cake one can imagine of the liberating discovery of Pete Hendrickson in his groundbreaking epic, Cracking the Code: The fascinating truth about taxation in America. Please, please spread this information and Greg’s column on the 16th as if our lives and liberties depend on it. They do. — ed. (brw)

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IN 1913, AFTER AN EIGHTEEN-YEAR HIATUS, Congress enacted its 20th century revival of the income tax as part of the Revenue Act of 1913. The act became law on October 3 of that year.

The undeservedly maligned and often misunderstood and misrepresented tax was included in the comprehensive revenue legislation package as a result of the 16th Amendment being ratified by the states on February 25, 1913. The Amendment’s intended effect of overturning the Supreme Court’s bare-majority Pollock decision of 1895 had returned to Congress the full palate of taxable privileges that it had originally possessed for revenue purposes before the destructive decision of the Pollock court.

Professor Thomas Powell of Columbia University explained that whole sordid affair succinctly:

“The Pollock Case [1895], with its abandonment of previously well established doctrine, provoked widespread popular criticism. Then followed the movement for the Sixteenth Amendment and its ultimate adoption. The Amendment was very probably widely regarded as in effect a “recall” of the Pollock Case, as the Eleventh Amendment was a recall of Chisholm v. Georgia. … [T]he Income Tax Cases of 1895 were regarded as amendments of what had gone before and that the Sixteenth Amendment was looked upon as a restorative … [and] was a device to repair the damage done to the [unanimous decision] Springer Case [1880] by that bare majority in the Pollock Case.”

Columbia Law Review, 20 Col. L.R. 536  (1920), Prof. Thomas Reed Powell.

The Pollock decision had in effect exempted from the otherwise uniformly applied privilege tax the interest, rent and stock dividends derived from the vast holdings of land granted by Congress to railroad, mining and lumber corporations. The land give-away was one of the means to fulfill the country’s religious like belief in manifest destiny. It began after the southern states had seceded leaving Congress dominated by Henry Clay’s American System proponents. Even with the “Civil War” not going as well as expected and the treasury treacherously diminished, the land give-away started anyway in 1862 with the Pacific Railway Act and continued on unabated by war or economic downturn almost to the turn of the century. Continue reading

Guest Column: The Liberating Truth about the Income Tax

Put CtC and ‘educated filing’ in your Christmas stocking this year and from now on
By Kevin Flanagan

Editor’s note: Still awaiting edits and approval from Mr. Flanagan… and when they arrive, I’ll incorporate. This was pulled from one of the CtC (ref. Pete Hendrickson’s watershed book, Cracking the Code) forums and I haven’t seen a more succinct and to-the-point presentation yet. If I’m the ‘man on the street,’ I’m hooked. This one hits the SWEET SPOT. [Handy single-sheet PDF version for handing to those you like located here.]
— brw

Go to LostHorizons (dot) com and get the book Cracking the Code: The Fascinating Truth About Taxation  in America. Best $33.95 you will ever spend.

Learn how you can LEGALLY keep all of your property every year (which is what the framers of the Constitution intended, that a man’s labor would never be violated).

The federal income tax is actually written as an excise tax—because a direct tax without apportionment would be unconstitutional [the 16th amendment did not change this]. Excise taxes can only target narrowly defined activities and must be avoidable. Think cigarette tax, if you don’t want to pay it, then don’t smoke.

The activity that the federal income tax targets is the exercise of Federal Privilege. To put it simply and bluntly, the only people who technically owe federal income tax are the ones who have federal earnings; i.e. working for or contracting with the federal government or one of their federal corporations (post office, FDA, etc) or instrumentalities (railroads, national banks, etc.), or receiving federal payments such as Social Security (though most SS benefits are typically specifically excluded from income tax on the 1040). This has been true ever since the first income tax was enacted by Abraham Lincoln in 1862.

The great scam of the IRS was in convincing all companies, not just those federally connected, to begin withholding during WWII—before then, less than 4% of the American adult population paid federal income taxes (Congressional reports from that time period detail this). Most companies complied, not knowing they weren’t legally/technically required to do so. Continue reading

Guest Column: November 3: An Historic Date in American History

Just two days short of Guy Fawkes Day (ref. V for Vendetta)
By Peter Hendrickson

Commerce Twp., Michigan: 15 years ago this 3rd of November, 2018, the very first 100% income tax refund in modern American history was issued by the United States. That $10,152.96 refund was of everything withheld during 2002 as Social security, Medicare and normal federal income taxes from the $58,965 salary of Peter E. Hendrickson.

Hendrickson’s deep research into the history of the tax, the judicial decisions concerning its nature and the fine print in tax law which is rarely seen by anyone, even IRS officials and judges, had revealed an actually quite limited scope to the tax. That research had also exposed a structural design by which people who have actually done nothing taxable are made to seem as though they had, causing the tax to be much more widely applied over the last 80 years or so than necessary or proper.

Deploying his unique knowledge, Hendrickson simply rebutted the misrepresentation of his earnings on which the IRS typically relies in determining tax liability. After what ended up being an extraordinary amount of attention to his claims by the tax agency, he received that first complete refund.

Even before that initial proof of concept, Hendrickson had published his research and findings in a 2003 book, ‘Cracking the Code- The Fascinating Truth About Taxation In America’ (ISBN 0-9743936-0-6). By the time Hendrickson’s own second complete refund issued a year later (of everything withheld from him in 2003), more and more Americans were doing the same. Continue reading

Guest Column: Independence Week Brief

Educated Federal Income Tax in Three Easy Steps
By Pete Hendrickson [Thanks to Tim for posting in the Virginia CtC Forum]

We all need to determine whether our earnings fall under the category of taxable income, which is to state, as a consequence of federal privilege… or whether they are ours by right, hence not income (as defined by the statutes and regulatory code). I’m referring the following checkpoints as a public service.

When our earnings are not income, then please do not treat them as such: Learn the process by which to retain and/or reclaim all rightfully earned property. DO NOT PAY WHAT YOU DO NOT OWE! Our republic depends on it.

Image courtesy Doreen Hendrickson, who has mercifully been returned to us by kidnappers of the DOJ and judicial prosecutocracy. Please distribute the brochure that this image graces to everyone you know and care for… especially liberty-oriented pundits and commentators of stature. Hard copy here:

http://brianrwright.com/CtC.pdf

Entire Legal And Practical Truth About The Income Tax In Three Short Sentences

Focus on these simple points and you can teach anyone the truth about the tax.

  1. The income tax is an excise.
  2. Excise taxes are taxes on the gainful exercise of privileges.
  3. You probably didn’t earn your money by exercising any taxable privilege (or earned very little that way).

Inarguable (and nowhere disputed) proof of the first two statements above can be found concisely spelled-out in this little seven-page document. Whether the third is true for any particular person can be determined by consulting this guide to understanding “income-taxable privilege.”

Donut Whole: Simple Grand Jury Template for Michigan, Etc.

Simple, Practical Grand Juries
By Brian R. Wright

Note: This column is the standin for my book until it’s done: The Accountability Project, which addresses the the problem of political corruption in Michigan with a simple, practical rollout of people’s First Principles’ independent grand juries. Most of the key ideas for implementation are included here, but not the heartwrenching personal stories of a mere handful of the thousands of living, loving, peaceful human beings crushed by public officials running amok on their abuse of power and unspeakable crimes of corruption.

When the book is complete, the above paragraph will include the hyperlink to it.
[From ‘notes on a napkin,’ 03/18/18. The idea is to proceed from our country’s First Principles and have the states, then the federal government, enable, facilitate, and obey (not own, control, and dictate) the people’s institution of grand juries. Note: This grand jury template and federal derivatives will be featured in my upcoming advocacy book,
The Accountability Project. — bw]

First Principles’ Grand Juries
Phase 1 Implementation–State-County Level Jurisdictions
To be written in form of a bill for the Michigan legislature to pass:

[Name: The Accountability Act… additional verbiage]
[Purpose: Uphold the people’s First Principles against corrupt government]

It is anticipated and hereby accepted by the legislature that:

  1. Each of the 83 counties of Michigan shall accommodate a continuously sitting people’s independent grand jury (SIGJ) for exercising the people’s authority to directly monitor, investigate, and indict gross misconduct in office, violation of oaths, and abrogation of American First Principles (“We hold these truths…”) by public officials.
  2. Each sitting independent grand jury shall be composed, voluntarily, of 25 good and lawful persons who are not government employees or solely beneficiaries of state largesse, and who are Constitution-knowledge-and-fealty tested, randomly selected by lottery, acting with supreme authority over all state justice officials in the jurisdiction.
  3. The SIGJ grand jurors shall be compensated from the state treasury at 80% of the governor’s prorated salary for each session, and shall select a foreman, who shall select an independent counsel (IC) and private investigators (PIs) as needed; foreman and ICs/PIs shall be compensated at 100% of governor’s prorated salary.
  4. Session length, hours, working conditions, workflow, security and meeting requirements, empaneling of additional special grand juries, interface protocols to state and county officials, and so on shall be the prerogative of the SIGJ and developing common IGJ practice, except that as a general requirement it is anticipated grand juror identity will not be publicly known and full cost to the state treasury for all SIGJ and subjury sessions shall not exceed <$2 million> per year [January 2018 USD].
  5. The SIGJ of each county, as its primary mission, shall hear and rule on consideration of all reasonable complaints of corruption or criminal behavior of public officials and accomplices; it is the civic duty of all adult residents to report violations of oath of office and gross misconduct in office to the SIGJ.
  6. The SIGJ of each county, as its secondary mission, shall hear and rule on consideration of all reasonable filings by state justice officials alleging a crime by one individual(s) against another individual(s); the SIGJ for such person-to-person cases may either decide to itself investigate and send indictments back to the justice officials or set up a special SIGJ composed in the same manner as the primary SIGJ.
  7. State/county justice officials–judges, prosecutors, police, executives, etc.–work at behest of the SIGJ; when ordered or requested by SIGJ foreman and ICs/PIs to assist in investigating a case they do so as top priority; these officials, as a top priority, also promptly effect any public official indictments by bringing such individuals before a suitably composed and informed petit jury.
  8. The SIGJ retains full authority over the formation and function of the petit jury(s), assuring that all individuals–public or private–are accorded a fair trial, also by their peers, which shall have the same composition requirements as people’s grand juries, i.e. “not government employees or primarily beneficiaries of state largesse, and who are Constitution-knowledge-and-fealty tested, randomly selected by lottery…”
  9. Petit juries, like grand juries, do not belong to the state justice system, they belong to the people themselves, independently; judges, prosecutors, cops, etc., and defense attorneys are subservient to the petit jury via the foreman, who shall have the benefit of selecting independent counsel for aid and assist in assuring state officials conform to First Principles’ protocol and practice. Petit juries render verdicts based on conscience; they may judge law and fact, and nullify a prosecution at will.
  10. Any county SIGJ or SIGJ-designated special grand jury shall have authority to investigate and indict state public officials for malfeasance applying within their counties. However, the Accountability Act anticipates formation of a sitting state-level grand jury by the same means and adhering to the same founding principles as the county SIGJ. It is anticipated the State SIGJ will also serve as referee for conflicts among county SIGJs or cross-county acts of public official corruption.[1]

Continue reading

Guest Column: “The Conversation”

The Newsroom Conversation That Will Change America
…once it can be made to take place.
by Pete Hendrickson [Original complete source here.]

Note: I have inserted my own CtC fact graphics in the text. The collection of these graphics for your own posts on Facebook or Tweets on Twitter is located here:
http://brianrwright.com/CtC_Graphics.zip. — brw

Note: Please read this column I have posted, American Heroine, and donate via the gofundme I have set up here at http://gofundme.com/DoreenRelief or directly to the Hendricksons as shown in the column.

THE ENERGETIC, AMBITIOUS YOUNG JOURNALIST hurries through the National News Desk Editor’s office door, and without even waiting to be recognized, blurts out his news:

“Chief, I’ve come across the story of a lifetime! There’s this guy in Michigan who does what might be called forensic legal research– historical background, fine-print parsing, untangling “legalese”, that sort of thing.”

The excited reporter plants his hands on the editor’s desk and leans in, eyes wide.

“The guy decided to focus on the income tax back around ’01, ’02. He ended up uncovering mind-bog-gling stuff, Chief!

“Ever since the guy published his findings in 2003, tens of thousands of people have been routinely paying ZERO in federal and state income tax, Social security tax, and Medicare tax every year. ZERO!! Instead, these people get complete refunds of everything they had paid in or had withheld from them!!”

The young man now looks as though he’s barely restraining himself from grabbing the editor’s lapels and pulling him in to continue nose-to-nose… Continue reading

Guest Column: Where’s the People…

… whose job it is to warn us of these assaults upon the Republic and its people?
And why aren’t they covering the story of the century?
And why aren’t liberty-loving YOU up in arms?

From LostHorizons.com [current ephemeral URL here]

“Stated simply, this is about an effort by the judicial branch of the U.S. government to force Doreen Hendrickson, a U.S. citizen, to commit the crime of perjury.  Because Ms. Hendrickson refused the government order to perjure herself, she was sentenced to 18 months in federal prison.  She has served 14 months of her sentence.  She has today been returned to prison to serve the remaining 4 months.  The reason she is being sent back to prison is that she still refuses to commit the crime ordered by the government.”
— Dr. Rudy List

Shredding Lies And Revealing Powerful Truths, by Pete Hendrickson

A deeper-than-ever descent into corruption by the bad guys offers a better-than-ever opportunity for the good guys.

LAST WEEK’S NEWS-LETTER OPENED with a candid presentation to the world of the outrageous corruption being practiced at very high levels of federal officialdom against my good and beautiful wife, Doreen. Yesterday, I suffered the miserable experience of driving her to a place of imprisonment, more than 500 miles from home—for the second time in three years.

I have little joy in my heart, today; in fact, I have little heart in my chest, today. I have left it in West Virginia.

BUT THERE IS THIS: On Friday, a Motion for Reconsideration was filed in the federal district court under the mantle of which the assault on Doreen has been conducted for these past 5 years. The motion is a sharp-bladed shredding of what it unmistakably-reveals to be the deeply—almost psychopathically—corrupt January 16 denial of the Motion to Vacate Doreen’s engineered conviction which was filed last October. Continue reading